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Least Common Multiple of 12 and 18

Free LCM Calculator determines the least common multiple (LCM) between 12 and 18 the smallest integer that is 36 that is divisible by both numbers.

Least Common Multiple (LCM) of 12 and 18 is 36.

LCM(12,18) = 36

LCM of 12 and 18

Least common multiple or lowest common denominator (LCD) can be calculated in three ways;

LCM of:
and

Least Common Multiple (LCM) of 12 and 18 with Primes

Least common multiple can be found by multiplying the highest exponent prime factors of 12 and 18. First we will calculate the prime factors of 12 and 18.

Prime Factorization of 12


2 12
2 6
3 3
1

Prime factors of 12 are 2,3. Prime factorization of 12 in exponential form is:

12 = 22×31

Prime Factorization of 18


2 18
3 9
3 3
1

Prime factors of 18 are 2,3. Prime factorization of 18 in exponential form is:

18 = 21×32

Now multiplying the highest exponent prime factors to calculate the LCM of 12 and 18.

LCM(12,18) = 22×32
LCM(12,18) = 36

Factors of 12

List of positive integer factors of 12 that divides 12 without a remainder.

1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12

Factors of 18

List of positive integer factors of 18 that divides 18 without a remainder.

1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18

Least Common Multiple of 12 and 18 with GCF Formula

The formula of LCM is LCM(a,b) = ( a × b) / GCF(a,b).
We need to calculate greatest common factor 12 and 18, than apply into the LCM equation.

GCF(12,18) = 6
LCM(12,18) = ( 12 × 18) / 6
LCM(12,18) = 216 / 6
LCM(12,18) = 36

Properties of LCM 12 and 18

(i) The LCM of 18 and 12 is associative

LCM of 12 and 18 = LCM of 18 and 12

Frequently Asked Questions on LCM of 12 and 18

1. What is the LCM of 12 and 18?

Answer: LCM of 12 and 18 is 36.

2. What are the Factors of 12?

Answer: Factors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12. There are 6 integers that are factors of 12. The greatest factor of 12 is 12.

3. What are the Factors of 18?

Answer: Factors of 18 are 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18. There are 6 integers that are factors of 18. The greatest factor of 18 is 18.

4. How to Find the LCM of 12 and 18?

Answer:

Least Common Multiple of 12 and 18 = 36

Step 1: Find the prime factorization of 12

12 = 2 x 2 x 3

Step 2: Find the prime factorization of 18

18 = 2 x 3 x 3

Step 3: Multiply each factor the greater number of times it occurs in steps i) or ii) above to find the lcm:

LCM = 36 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3

Step 4: Therefore, the least common multiple of 12 and 18 is 36.